Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders


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Read my other article on Rookie DCC Chelsea Chaney

The Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders…

the name itself brings to each of us images of an American icon – beautiful ladies decked out in blue and white uniforms cheering America’s Team on to victory; precision dance routines that require a combination of stamina, flexibility and timing that would leave most of us gasping – yet they smile and dance on; or for some, it’s the time that we met one of them and she signed an autograph and we spent a few minutes talking…the images differ, but each holds a special place. And today’s phenomenon of the Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders is equally special. Everywhere across the country or around the world that any of these young ladies appear thousands of fans congregate looking for the opportunity for a photograph, an autograph, or a few moments to say hello. America’s Sweethearts have truly become the darlings of the National Football League. But it didn’t start out that way.

The Beginning…

The Dallas Cowboys have always had cheerleaders. Tex Schramm, the Cowboys general manager at the time, with his extensive background in television, recognized that professional football had become more than sports – it was sports entertainment. He knew that the public liked pretty girls. In 1960, he tried hiring professional models for the sidelines. It was a disaster. The models were beautiful, but they were not athletes. More than 3 hours of exertion in the hundred degree heat of the sidelines had left them in worse shape after the game than the football players. As was the standard in professional football throughout the 1960′s, 1961 ushered in the era of the “CowBelles & Beaux.” These high school students from the Dallas/Ft. Worth Metroplex were managed by Dee Brock. They cheered on the football teams success all the way to the 1971 Super Bowl Championship. But, during the Cowboys preparations for the defense of their World Championship title in the 1972 season, a new idea was born.

Tex Schramm was the Cowboys general manager and, with his extensive background in television, recognized that professional football had become more than sports – it was sports entertainment. He knew that the public liked pretty girls. In fact, he’d already tried hiring professional models for the sidelines. It was a disaster. The models were beautiful, but they were not athletes. More than 3 hours of exertion in the hundred degree heat of the sidelines had left them in worse shape after the game than the football players. But, the idea just would not go away. Models had not worked, but what about dancers?

He talked the idea over with Dee and the decision was made to expand the established football tradition of sideline cheerleaders into a glamorous, choreographed squad of accomplished dancers that would serve as a counterpoint to the game itself. Dee recruited one of the top dancers in America, Texie Waterman, who also owned a dance studio in Dallas, to judge at the auditions and help create a squad of dancers to grace the sidelines of Texas Stadium. Sixty ladies attended that first audition. Seven were chosen. They spent their summer at Training Camp with Texie where cheers and chants were replaced with grand jetes and pirouettes.When the 1972-73 NFL season kicked off that fall, it was a major turning point in Cheerleader history. The Dallas Cowboys introduced their “new” Cheerleaders at Texas Stadium wearing new star spangled uniforms and debuting an innovative and exciting new form of gameday action. For the first time ever, anywhere, jazz dancing was blended with beauty and brought to a football field…and the Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders were born.

When Dee left to resume her graduate studies, Texie became the heart and soul of the new form of on-field entertainment. Her total commitment to professional creativity and disciplined dance execution found a new focus in sideline routines and field performances. As the Cheerleaders success grew, so to did the dozens of responsibilities for auditions, rehearsals, personal appearances, meetings, and all of the details required to put the group in top form on the football field. Initially, Tex asked his secretary, Suzanne Mitchell, to handle managing the squad in her “spare time”, and in 1976 she become the first Director of the Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders.

While Texie perfected the performance, Suzanne piloted the organization to world-wide renown. With her guidance, dedication, and love for each of the Cheerleaders, as well as the traditions of the Squad, she succeeded in developing the Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders beyond anyone’s wildest expectations.

With Texie’s retirement in the early 80′s, Suzanne’s search for the next DCC choreographer did not have to go too far afield. Texie had succeeded in establishing a new dance form – customized for a 100 yard “stage” with a football stadium audience – and one of her most popular and outstanding DCC protégé’s was already assisting with the Cheerleaders choreography. Shannon Baker Werthmann had been receiving dance honors since the age of 5 and had spent 4 years as one of “America’s Sweethearts”. “I was looking for a choreographer who knew the field, who understood what the girls were going through”. Shannon certainly filled the bill, and for the next decade built upon the performance foundation Texie had laid.

The Discovery…

While the crowds at Texas Stadium responded enthusiastically to this new facet of professional football, it wasn’t until January of 1976 that the Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders took their next big step. During a break in the action at Super Bowl X in Miami, an astute television cameraman let his lens wander over to the sidelines, catching a row of lovely young women wearing their striking blue and white uniforms. One of the Cheerleaders caught his gaze and winked. It probably never occurred to her that she was on national television, but 75 million viewers – a full one third of the nation – were watching. And they didn’t take their eyes off what they saw.

The Phenomenon…

The 1977 season brought a second World Championship to “America’s Team” and helped to launch “America’s Sweethearts” well beyond the football field. The ’77 squad appeared on two network television specials in the spring of 1978 – the NBC Rock-n-Roll Sports Classic and The Osmond Brothers Special on ABC. In August, the ’78 squad was featured in a Faberge shampoo commercial. September had the Cheerleaders kicking off the season for Monday Night Football by hosting their own one-hour Special on ABC entitled “The 36 Most Beautiful Girls in Texas”. Hollywood came to Dallas in November to film “The Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders”, a two hour movie that aired on January 14, 1979. In taking a 60% share of the national television audience, it became the second highest rated made-for-television movie in history. The sequel, “The Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders II” aired on January 13, 1980. More recently, the Cheerleaders had a featured role in Robert Altman’s latest motion picture, starring Richard Gere, “Dr. T and the Women” which was released in the Fall of 2000.

The television appearances have continued throughout the years. The Cheerleaders have sailed on “The Love Boat” twice, battled the Dallas Cowboys on “Family Feud”, visited with “Harry & the Hendersons”, made a “Salute to Lady Liberty” and celebrated the “Billy Bob’s New Year Special” for CBS. They have joined NBC for three “Academy of Country & Western Music Awards” shows and a “Nashville Palace Show”, and been the guests of Phil Donahue, Geraldo and “The Wheel of Fortune”. They’ve even spent their Saturday night dancing on “Saturday Night Live”, made appearances with Jay Leno and David Letterman, and performed alongside celebrities such as Clint Black, Shania Twain, Randy Travis, Reba McEntire, Jessica Simpson and Billy Gilman.

The International Appeal…

1978 also brought the beginnings of the Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders international activities. A performance at the Mirage Bowl football game in December of that year took the squad on a very successful 10-day tour of Japan. Millions of Japanese took advantage of the opportunity to see them perform in theaters and parades across the country as well as on a number of national television programs. They also completed several commercials for Mitsubushi Motors Corporation during the trip. Other international promotional tours have included a return to Japan for American Airlines, a trip to Australia for Philips Consumer Products, and appearances in Peru sponsored by the Saga Company. In fact, their international appeal has proven to be a tremendous marketing tool for companies around the world needing to make an American “splash” with their campaign, including the National Football League. When the NFL wanted promotional appearances for American football in Mexico and Japan, the group they asked was the Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders.

The Show Group…

Wherever crowds gather, the Cheerleaders unique brand of entertainment and appeal has been sought after and much appreciated. As their reputation has grown, so too have the opportunities for these extraordinary young women to share their range of talents. The Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders Show Group was developed specifically for that purpose. Each year the most versatile and accomplished of the Cheerleaders are selected for this elite entertainment troupe. Their elaborately costumed and fully choreographed musical variety show, “America & Her Music”, has proven to be a crowd pleaser at national conventions, corporate events and government gatherings.

While the high-profile experiences of being a Dallas Cowboys Cheerleader are unique, for many of the members of the squad the most rewarding of their activities are in somewhat less glamorous surroundings. In 1979, the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) requested their presence on a USO Christmas tour of installations in Korea. The ladies performances were so enthusiastically received by the thousands of American troops serving their country so very far from home that a tradition was born.

The Cheerleaders, the DOD and the USO have since teamed up an unprecedented 49 times to boost the morale of the men and women of our U.S. military at hundreds of bases and outposts around the world. If our country’s forces are stationed there, the Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders stand ready to offer their own brand of thanks to these dedicated young Americans. The one-hour variety shows bring standing ovations and tears to the eyes of the audiences and the entertainers alike. The ladies have their meals in the mess halls and share in close conversations about the Cowboys, happenings in the States and loved ones at home.

It is a special time. So special in fact, that in 1991 the Cheerleaders were honored to receive the USO’s prestigious “50th Anniversary Award” and in 1997 their many years of distinguished service to the men, women and families of America’s Armed Forces was recognized with the presentation of the USO’s first ever “Spirit of Hope” Award. The entire Dallas Cowboys organization is extremely proud of the high regard this nation has for the Cheerleaders and for the distinction they have earned in having performed for more troops overseas than any other entertainer…ever!

Community Service…

Most of the Cheerleaders non-game appearances are done for charity. They have lent their support to the Susan G. Komen Foundation, the Salvation Army, the Jerry Lewis Labor Day Telethon, the George Lindsey Celebrity Golf Tournament for Special Olympics, the Association for Hearing Impaired Children, Veterans Administration Hospitals , the March of Dimes, American Heart Association, Arthritis Foundation, Cancer Society, United Way, Variety Club Telethons, and the Make A Wish Foundation – in addition to their annual visits to numerous nursing homes and children’s hospitals.

The Individuals…

This unique group of young women has a deep responsibility: they assume a corporate identity, yet they cannot lose sight of themselves as individuals. It is a basic concept of the organization that each person in the stadium or in the audience has a mental picture of their ideal girl – and the squad offers someone for each of them to identify with. As in the past, almost every phase of the American woman is represented: teachers, secretaries, company executives, homemakers, nurses, students, medical technicians, fashion coordinators, accountants, sales and advertising representatives, file clerks, receptionists, cashiers, dental hygienists, flight attendants, etc. Some are single, some are married – several have children. Typically they range in age from 18 to 36, although there is no upper age limit. They are from small towns and big cities. Some have been performing for years with extensive dance backgrounds and some come to the Squad with no training at all, but have the gift of showmanship and the ability to learn.

What they all have in common is the dedication to responsibility and commitment to excellence that being a Dallas Cowboys Cheerleader requires. They subject themselves to rigorous physical conditioning, an exhaustive year round rehearsal schedule and stringent rules and regulations that govern their part-time life.

The Auditions…

Each spring up to 600 young women from across America converge on Texas Stadium in pursuit of their dream to become a member of the DCC. The basic requirements are: (a) Ladies must be at least 18 years of age; (b) They must be a high school graduate; (c) They must be attending college or hold a part-time/full-time job – yes, being a full-time mother and homemaker counts; and (d) if selected they must reside in the Dallas/Fort Worth area during their tenure as a Cheerleader. And although they receive a bye into the Finals, even the members of the previous years squad must once again compete in the hope of reclaiming a position.

The Preliminaries, Semi’s, and Finals of the audition process result in the selection of approximately forty-five “training camp” candidates. From May until late July this elite corps rehearse almost every evening for four or more hours at a time under the critical eyes of their Director, Kelli McGonagill Finglass and Choreographer Judy Trammell.

The Rules…

All rehearsals of the 50-plus song and dance numbers in each season’s repertoire are mandatory. If a Cheerleader misses a rehearsal prior to a home game, she will not be allowed to perform at that game. Anyone with two unexcused absences prior to a home game is subject to being released from the squad. The axiom of “practice makes perfect” certainly applies. And while perfection is the common goal of each of the Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders, excellence is the standard of the entire organization.

The set of rules which govern each lady’s appearance, performance, and moral character is lengthy and explicit. No DCC may, for example, date any of the players, coaches, or other employees of the Dallas Cowboys Football Club – this ensures a professional relationship while maintaining the supportive role that the squad fulfills. Each girl is individually counselled on personal grooming, makeup, physical fitness and interpersonal communications. Cheerleaders receive training in etiquette, communications skills, media relations and fan mail. The DCC uniform may be worn only with the organizations specific authorization and when in uniform, Cheerleaders are not permitted to smoke, drink alcohol, or conduct themselves in any manner not becoming to the tradition of the Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders.

The Uniform…

The uniform itself is a carefully guarded trademark and may not be duplicated in any way without the written permission of the DCC. The internationally recognized blouse, vest and shorts were originally designed by Paula Van Waggoner, of the Lester Melnick store in Dallas. Since first introduced with the formation of the squad in 1972, there have been only six modifications to the uniform. In May of 1989 the original “go-go” boot had gone out of style and a more western oriented design was selected. In 1991, the large buckled belt was left behind in favor of shorts with a more flattering cut. 1992 brought a cowboy-style boot to the uniform, and in 1993 crystals were added to outline the fifteen stars on the vest and shorts. 1994 brought a more western shape to the blouse lapels, and finally, in 1999 crystals were added to the fringe line of the vest. Each modification, after careful consideration by Director, Kelli McGonagill Finglass, was implemented to enhance the image that the uniform has represented from the very beginning – an image made all the more consistent through the efforts and dedication of Ms. Leveta Crager, who for twenty four years made and hand tailored every uniform worn by a Dallas Cowboys Cheerleader. Upon her retirement, designer Greg Danison was selected at the start of the 1996 season to continue the tradition of individual craftsmanship in each Cheerleader’s uniform.

The Leaders…

Today’s Cheerleaders are guided by 2 former DCC – Kelli McGonagill Finglass and Judy Trammell. Both, as young girls aspired to don the uniform and perform for the fans while cheering on “their” Cowboys. Both felt the intimidation of being among hundreds of beautiful, talented young women at their first audition. Both endured the long hours of rehearsals preparing their minds and bodies for the exacting precision expected of every performance. Both embraced the rewards of the truly unique experiences inherent in being a DCC. And, both have, from that foundation, grown to become the guardians of the past and the shepherds of the future.

Kelli’s road to becoming Director in 1991 included five years as a Cheerleader, one year in the Cowboys’ Sales and Promotions Department, and one year serving as the Squad’s Assistant Director. She leads the Cheerleaders with passion and dedication to be the best in the world in their field of entertainment. In doing so, the standards of measure are simple: Everything must improve each year. As director of the internationally acclaimed organization, Kelli’s responsibilities are extensive. From costume design and licensing agreements to sponsorships and legal issues of employment, she must create programs that enhance the image of the DCC, while maintaining growth and development of the business. Under her stewardship, the Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders have evolved from a highly valued operational expense of the football club to a self sustaining business enterprise with a world-wide reach. She is a Director who also serves as a disciplinarian, mediator, consultant and administrator in all facets of the operation.

Judy’s four years of cheering led to six years as the Squad’s Assistant Choreographer. In 1991 she assumed her current role as Choreographer. With her natural creativity having been honed under Texie Watermen’s tutelage, Judy has succeeded in blending the performance traditions of the Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders with the latest trends in music and dance. Her relationship with the members of the Squad as both a teacher and trainer is based on high expectations buffered by her understanding nature. Her talents are displayed every time the Cheerleaders perform…from the elaborately choreographed and costumed production numbers of the Show Group to sideline routines and halftime extravaganzas featuring hundreds of cast members. Together, Kelli and Judy are partners sharing a deep respect for each other and for the heritage and the phenomenon for which they are now responsible.

The Traditions…

Whether at a football game, a charity performance, or a sponsored autograph session, when a DCC appears in her uniform many hours have been spent in preparation and the DCC staff maintains protective control over the situation. Under the guidance of Ms. McGonagill Finglass hundreds of requests for interviews, photographs and appearances are carefully screened. Many of them must be rejected for a variety of factors which make them unsuitable by DCC standards. All appearances are arranged by contract, and if the stipulations are not fully met, the Cheerleaders will not appear. If overnight travel is required at least one member of the administrative staff will always accompany the girls. They will travel in a group, return as a group and are not allowed to go out on their own at any time during the trip. Escorts, transportation, lodging, itineraries and all other details of the trip are agreed upon prior to departure and deviations are not permitted.

All of the many precautions are to protect the image of the DCC as a whole and each Cheerleader as an individual. Their fans want and expect a first-class organization and first class young women representing that organization. Someone that they can admire and respect. The Dallas Cowboys are that kind of organization, and the Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders are a reflection of that image.

Now in their thirtieth season, they are as popular as ever…if not more so. National television audiences have followed them on Entertainment Tonight, visited with them on Montel Williams and Vicki, and accompanied them on ESPN for their annual DCC Calendar photo shoots for the last six years. They have participated in a number of music videos, there have been three sets of trading cards that feature the entire squad, and corporate shows are averaging three a month. Demand for personal appearances have exploded and there is much, much more to come. The year 2000 included the DCC being featured in a NetPliance Super Bowl television ad, the premier of “Dr. T and the Women”, a return to Japan for the American Bowl and two USO tours. They, again helped kick off the Salvation Army’s National Kettle Campaign with their Thanksgiving Halftime Show and danced on the deck of the USS Truman on FOX-TV’s NFL pregame Show. Yet through it all, they remain committed to their long established standards of excellence and dedicated to the heritage of their tradition.

Kelli McGonagill Finglass has probably come to know the mystique of the Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders as well as anyone. “What we look for in our cheerleading squad is simply something for everyone – a cross section of the American woman. We want everyday ladies who can make an impact on their community: intelligent role models who are poised, attractive, confident, talented entertainers. They must be givers who understand that they themselves have been given a gift, and now have the opportunity to share that gift with others. But when the music and dancing stops, these young ladies must have the ability to relate on a one-to-one basis with fans whose ages range from infants to grandparents. In short, they must be educated, well-informed young women who represent the Dallas

Cowboys, their families and their community in a first-class manner. “The organization affords them a opportunity to broaden their own lives and enrich the lives of others as they travel throughout the United States and around the world. They are given a perspective on life that they may not have considered before. And that might lead them to reassess what’s truly important…and to share that with others.

Learn about Rookie DCC Chelsea Chaney here!

Chelsea Chaney DCC


Chelsea Chaney DCC

Dallas Cowboys Cheerleader Chelsea Chaney is an asset to the squad on and off the field. When she’s not shaking those iconic poms at home games with the rest of America’s Sweethearts, Chelsea is keeping fans entertained by interacting with them using social media.

Follow DCC Chelsea Chaney @dcc_chelsea

Not unlike fellow squad members Cassie Trammell and Brittney Schram, Chelsea Chaney uses humor to give fans a unique glimpse into the life of a Dallas Cowboys Cheerleader. Fans have known for decades that Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders are unequivocally beautiful and talented. But not until recently, thanks to Twitter, has the public been able to get to know America’s Sweethearts on such a personal level. Give these three hilarious young women a follow, and they’ll be sure to provide the entertainment.

If you’re going to follow the antics of DCC Chelsea Chaney on Twitter, you might as well get to know her a little more.

Read more about Chelsea Chaney here.

Chelsea Chaney Biography 

Dallas Cowboys Cheerleader Chelsea Elizabethchelsea chaney cheer

2012 Rookie DCC

Born and Raised in Merkel, Texas

Chelsea Chaney describes herself as  Passionate, Outgoing, Independent, Compassionate, Sarcastic (All of us in the Twitterverse enjoy the sarcasm the most!)

Her favorite Dallas Cowboy of all time is Hall of Fame 3 time Super Bowl Champion Troy Aikman. Troy is a small town guy himself. I’m sure he can relate to Chelsea Chaney’s movechelsea chaney from Merkel to Dallas!

Chelsea’s celebrity idol is Carrie Underwood. I wonder how Tony feels about this? Phone calls to Tony’s reps were not returned. We assume is safe for Chelsea to cheer on.

Chelsea Chaney is a proud dog mother of a tiny little puppy named Moxie. Moxie is a bit of a show stealer on Instagram/Twitter.

3 Things You May Not Know About Chelsea Chaney

1) Chelsea Chaney loves “The Office” a Weird Amount!- Everyone has an obsession. Chelsea Chaney’s happens to be NBC’s The Office. Considering the hit TV show’s incredible success, it is safe to say that she’s not alone. There you are, gentlemen. A beautiful woman with a superb sense of humor. Among other cliches, eat your heart out.

2) Chelsea Chaney The Dog Rescuer- Most people don’t know this, but DCC Chelsea has knack for finding stray puppies; a sixth sense if you will. I’ll admit that it’s a bizarre skill, but I’ll also admit she’s great at it. It appears as if she’s some sort of dancing/dog-saving superhero.

3) Chelsea the Juggler- Those of you that watch CMT’s Making the Team probably already know this, but it’s worth mentioning. Chelsea Chaney is an incredible juggler. Yeah, seriously. Another skill. It’s really not fair. She must just absorb talent through osmosis.


chelsea chaney

Although the Dallas Cowboys just suffered through another year of mediocrity, their unparalleled cheerleaders remain a global icon. Each year, countless young women from all over the world come to Dallas to compete for a very limited number of spots. The competitiveness of the tryouts ensure that the Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders are the best of the best.

Thanks to social media, we can now see what makes these young women so special off of the field. Now, go follow Chelsea Chaney on Twitter!


If you’re doing research for a paper about Egyptian Civilization, do yourself a favor and scroll to the bottom.

The astonishing remnants of perhaps the most intriguing ancient civilization lie within the heavily chronicled confines of modern day Egypt. With traditionally immortalized Pharaohs as political entities and the fruitful Nile river as its source of life, ancient Egypt established a culture decades ahead of its contemporaries.

The history of the ancient Egyptian civilization is simply and methodically broken down into a series of kingdoms. By using Al Gore’s internet, I was able to metaphorically unearth a wealth of historical Egyptian background and add serious depth to my Jeopardy skills. Please bare with me as we take an unconventional ride through history’s crowded streets.

Thanks to the wonderful folks at Google, I was able to stumble upon an unlikely source with some fascinating information concerning the origins of early Egyptian society. According to touregypt.net, and yes I do realize I’m citing a traveling website, “Egyptologists of the early 20th century concluded that the classic ancient Egyptian civilization had been brought to the Nile Valley by a “dynastic race” of invaders” (Jimmy Dunn). The belief is that a culturally and politically superior group of people used their evident advantages over the prehistoric Egyptians to quickly invade, conquer and control the Nile river valley.

These scholars believe that these supposed racially superior conquerors of Egypt derived from the Orient to the valley’s east. Early twentieth century Egyptologists, such as Hans Winkler from Germany, believed that Egypt’s earliest monarchs were actually from modern day Iraq. This theory was supported by impeccable similarities between early Egyptian art and that of ancient Mesopotamia.

This Egyptian wall art, discovered by Hans Winkler, depicts boats strikingly similar to those found in Mesopotamian art.

Although there is a lot of smoke to this invasion theory, the fire may prove to be very weak. Hans Winkler made his observations of the Egyptian boats without realizing that they predated the Mesopotamian civilization by many years. The Egyptian invasion theory was very popular among Adolf Hitler and European colonial powers. These individuals believed emphatically that no great civilization could be cultivated in a place like Egypt without an outside racially superior influence.

The racially motivated invasion theory is just that; a theory. With the vantage point of eighty years it is easy for many people to toss aside the invasion theory’s former relevance, but it is far more interesting to place yourself within the corruption of early twentieth century and attempt to understand it. Jimmy Dunn’s article on The Origins of Egyptian Civilization not addresses early history, but also shares a story of human nature and our ability to take something and form fit it to our individual beliefs despite reality.

Understanding Egypt’s geography is extremely important when attempting to comprehend early Egyptian civilization. The Nile river was an unparalleled source of life in Egypt. Citizens of early Egypt could comfortably depend on the “miracle” of the Nile. Annually, the Nile river received copious summer rain and eventually flooded. Traditionally, the word flooding comes with a devastatingly negative connotation; but not in the case of early Egypt. Egypt’s dependable summer flooding of the Nile enriched its soil with a silt deposit. In a sense it truly was a miracle. The Egyptians were lucky enough to possess agriculturally efficient fertile land in the essential desert.

The Nile river subsequently “fueled social development and culture” (Wikipedia). In ancient Egypt, and today, city centers and population clusters are centered around North Africa’s fruitful rivers. Unlike many contemporary societies, the Nile river provided ancient Egypt with an unheard of surplus of food. In addition to stimulating Egyptian agriculture, the Nile River also served as a mode of transportation and a natural barrier to foreign invasion. Egypt’s unique geography provided its inhabitants with a sense of “changelessness” and “continuity for thousands of years” (Duiker and Spielvogel 17).

As previously mentioned, the history of Egyptian civilization can be systematically broken down into a series of Kingdoms. The first of these kingdoms has a real original name; The Old Kingdom. The Old Kingdom of Egypt consists of the third through sixth dynasties of Egyptian kings. The first Kingdom of the Egyptian civilization is marked by astonishing advances in technology, architecture and art. During this time period, modern political and social practices become evident. Egyptian monarchs began imposing taxes and coordinated a relatively complex irrigation system.

I can’t believe you’re still reading about Egyptian Civilization. Do you not have Netflix or a job?

Perhaps the most progressive of the societal improvements made in this time period between 2686 and 2180 B.C.E. Was the establishment of one of the world’s first judicial systems. Like all other judicial systems, the original Egyptian judicial system was put in place to maintain peace and order and provide it citizens with a sense of comfort.

These factors also contributed to the thousand years of continuity in ancient Egypt. Progressive movements such as establishing law, imposing taxes, and developing irrigation systems that benefited the civilization as a whole separated the Egyptian civilization from its contemporaries and can be point at as a chief reason for its relatively long survival in a time of conquerors and nomads.

It is common knowledge that ancient Egypt was controlled by a kingship. These early Egyptian kings were referred to as Pharaohs. Loyal Egyptians believed these Pharaohs to be divine in nature and that disobedient actions towards their king would disturb the cosmic balance of their universe. Although these Pharaohs possessed absolute and unlimited power, their policy was one of principle and administrative political powers were bestowed upon fellow family members. The expanding economy and strong central government allowed for some architectural face lifts in ancient Egypt.

The aforementioned stability of Egypt allowed the erection of “true pyramids”. Before these erected during the Old Kingdom, pyramids were built with steps. According to the staff at ancient-eygypt.org, “This transition was not only the result of increasing technical skills, but even more of religious views that shifted from stellar to solar. The Step Pyramid symbolized a staircase to the stars. The ‘true’ pyramid, on the other hand was considered as a solar symbol and as a representation of the primaeval mound from which all life had sprung” (Ancient-eygypt.org).

“The building of pyramids would not have been possible without a flourishing economy and a strong central government. Royal estates throughout the country centralised and provided the necessary resources that were needed in the construction of pyramid complexes. This required a powerful administration, both on a local and on a central level, to successfully manage the resources and ensure the flow of supplies, materials and riches to the central government.

Artists and craftsmen became increasingly skilled as state-sponsored ateliers produced the most exquisite objects of art for the royal family and the members of the ruling elite. The high-quality decoration of the private tombs that were grouped next to the royal pyramids, not only hint at the wealth and status of the tomb-owner, but are also a rich source of information about daily life in the age of the pyramids”(ancient-egypt.org)

Although the Old Kingdom appeared to be stable, it eventually fell and allowed for an intermediate period. Eventually, a new Royal family took over and ushered in what came to be known as the Egyptian “Golden Age”. Unlike the Old Kingdom in which the Pharaoh was portrayed as a divine being, the Golden Age ushered in a new train of thought regarding its Egyptian monarchs. During the Middle Kingdom, the Pharaoh began to be portrayed a Sheppard looking over his flock. This new generation of Egyptian kings ushered in new politics. Although officeholders were still decided by bloodline, it was understood that they perform their duties faithfully with honor. The Pharaoh was no longer viewed as divine and inaccessible, but more so as a mortal who had civilians concerns in mind.

Although the Old Kingdom appeared to be stable, it eventually fell and allowed for an intermediate period. Eventually, a new Royal family took over and ushered in what came to be known as the Egyptian “Golden Age”. Unlike the Old Kingdom in which the Pharaoh was portrayed as a divine being, the Golden Age ushered in a new train of thought regarding its Egyptian monarchs.

During the Middle Kingdom, the Pharaoh began to be portrayed a Sheppard looking over his flock. This new generation of Egyptian kings ushered in new politics. Although officeholders were still decided by bloodline, it was understood that they perform their duties faithfully with honor. The Pharaoh was no longer viewed as divine and inaccessible, but more so as a mortal who had civilians concerns in mind.

The infamous use of tombs and mummification saw its birth and use in both the Old and Middle Egyptian Kingdoms. Essentially, mummification was a process directed by a priest in which a Pharaoh, wealthy person, or nobleman’s deceased body was slowly dried to prevent complete decay. A natural salt poured over the body extracted the body’s water and prevented internal rotting. The priest would surgically remove many of the deceased’s vital organs and place them in jars. These jars were placed in the tomb with the mummy. These mummified bodies were then placed in the famous Pyramids as a sign of respect and eternal honor.

The Old and Middle Kingdoms also saw the inception of Hieroglyphics. Hieroglyphics are an ancient Egyptian system of writing in which sacred characters and picture signs were used to represent historical occurrences and bare some sort of sacred value.

The Middle Kingdom abruptly halted when an Asian people called the Hyskos invaded and conquered its people. The Hyskos possessed far more superior weapons and utilized horse-drawn chariots. This a weapon the Egyptians had never seen before and it worked far more efficiently than their donkey carts. In my opinion, The New Kingdom served as a farewell tour for all of the great Egyptian dynasties. With the exception of religious change, the New Kingdom saw far less progressive and powerful change.

The new line of Pharaohs neglected foreign affairs and concentrated on religion. Even before the common era, mixing religion and government does not prove to be successful politics. The Egyptian empire lost a vast majority of its territories and was reduced to something far less than its glorious past.

Although generally viewed as an extremely stable civilization, the Kingdoms of Egypt saw multiple monarchical changes. The Nile river provided peace and protection for the ancient Egyptians, but perhaps also made them more susceptible to radical change. The Egyptians were at one point a very progressive people, but were proved to have fallen behind the times when they were outmatched by the Hyskos. The great Egyptian civilization is yet another example of a once great and powerful country stumbling to its eventual demise. There are countless examples of this fall from grace throughout world History. With that being said is it absurd to as—Who is next?

If you liked this Egyptian Civilization article and would like me to write for you, give my website a click.

The internet can be a real asshole sometimes. More often than I’d like to admit, I find myself in the middle of yet another 3 hour web-surfing bender.

Oh, Al Gore… You sneaky bastard. What a distraction you’ve supposedly created.

While I consistently moan about the world wide web’s ability to distract from my daily routine, I can’t help but love it. The online world is filled to the brim with informative content and educational material. It is incredible that we live in a time in which self education is so accessible.

More importantly, now that I’ve obligatorily mentioned that nugget of fun…

The internet is filled with a bunch of shit no one should ever waste their time on. Today’s seemingly incoherent rambling is dedicated to the social cesspool that is the internet. Now raise your metaphoric glasses and toast yet again to the demise of respectable humanity.

If you don’t find the internet distracting, you’re using it wrong……

Before the internet, people were allowed to live in their comfortable little bubble and read Reader’s Digest. Only actual physical interaction could penetrate these familiar bubbles. This was a time of cleaner minds and less cat videos. Oh, the good ol’ days.

Well folks, times have are a’changin’ and things are getting weird.

Twitter perfectly illustrates the point I’m trying to make here. In my mind, distractions are created by one of two things.

Moments of legitimate intrigue and naked people.

While naked things with daddy issues out number intriguing subjects online, I refuse to dedicate my blog to the Kardashian sisters.

The highly populated Twitterverse is saturated with one-liners and misguided comments that inspire moments of intrigue. As a disclaimer, it should be known that I can’t control whether or not something interests me. That’s not up to me. That’s my classless subconscious’s department.

Twitter is the uncensored adult version of “Kids Say the Darndest Things”. Let’s all have a little fun and take a look at the source of today’s decline in productivity. Fuck you, internet

5 Golden Nuggets of Truth from Today’s Twitter Feed

1. “Whenever I see a big truck with a ball sack, I always wonder why the put the dick all the way up in the drivers seat” -@brainmccouch

2. “@ChristyMack if you married me, I’d make you sandwiches and clean the house.”-@HunUGH23

(do yourself a favor and don’t look up Christy Mack) (Seriously…don’t) (I do not want to be responsible for you “moment of intrigue”)

3.” You dont put a playground next to a bar…its entrapment”- @GMBisaG

Don’t laugh at that!

Kid touching is not funny…

Okay, okay. You can laugh.

4. “Hey @BarackObama and @MittRomney why don’t presidents grow beards anymore? #USA“-@taylorttrammell

That’s the problem with this damn country…

5. “I learned today that a polygamist grandfather makes for a wide family tree.”- @mbarnett41 (follow me ;)

Thank you for allowing my shameless self-promotion.

As always with my ramblings, I hope only some of you are offended.

“I’m bored” is a useless thing to say. You live in a great, big, vast world that you’ve seen none percent of. And even the inside of your own mind is endless. It goes on forever inwardly. Do you understand? Being the fact that you’re alive is amazing, you don’t get to be bored.” — Louis CK

If you’d like me to write your blog, click here and check out my website.

A team member recently asked me “how to write a good blog”. So, ironically, I decided to blog about it.

I have quite a bit of experience as professional content writer. I tested the job market after I graduated from college and wasn’t too fond of the temperature. Because of this harsh reality, I decided to take my one marketable skill to the internet. I’ve always seemed to have a knack for communication, so I decided it was about time I was paid for it!

how to write a good blog post by michael barnett

Blogging is not something that comes easy to everyone. Even the most experienced writer have bouts with the infamous “writer’s block” from time to time. The key is to learn some strategies that will prevent you from having one of these brain farts.

Wondering How to Write a Good Blog?: 5 Must Read Blogging Tips

1. Keep it Conversational- In order to interest and maintain an audience, your blog must be readable. By learning to write in a conversational manner you can avoid boring your readers into a coma. This is actually an aspect I had a terrible time grasping when I first started my blog writing adventure. As it turns out, there is a pretty significant difference between the writing styles of a scholarly paper and blog content.

To ensure that I keep my personal blog posts conversational, I always imagine that I am writing to one reader in general. If someone is reading your blog, the last thing they want to do is consult a thesaurus. Keep it simple. Write as if you’re speaking to a friend!

2. Make it Interesting!- As you already know, bloggers are given the freedom to write about whatever they want. Unless your blog is dedicated to animal mutilation or vintage drape shopping, there is probably a sizable audience out there that is interested in what you have to say. That being said, there are probably tons of other bloggers in your niche that are writing similar blog posts.

So how are you separating your blog from the competition? If you’re wondering how to write a good blog, it’s your turn to listen up. As a blogger you want to stand out from other people that write about similar topics. In order to do this you must write in an entertaining, interesting, and informative manner. This can be done by using humor, drawing attention to interesting facts pertaining to your topic, and by being factual. It seems that all bloggers dream of having a large audience. Following these guidelines will push your blog in the right direction. Or should I say “write” direction?

3. All in a Name- Although this may sound a bit corny, the naming of your title and headers matters! Let’s face it, folks. All of us are a tad ADHD when it comes to surfing the internet. In order for us to commit to reading or watching something, there needs to be an attention grabber. Believe it or not, learning how to write a good blog includes learning how to write a good blog title! What kind of titles catch your eye? Practice coming up with clever titles that entice people to click and read. An enticing title serves as a preview to your blog post. In the eyes of readers, a bad title presumably translates into a bad blog.

4. Blogging 2k12- Although this tip doesn’t exactly pertain to how to write a good blog, it is definitely useful! After writing a blog post, it is in your best interest to pair your written content with a related video. This video can be made by you, which I recommend if you have interest in monetizing your blog, or by someone else. That being said, be sure to include a backlink anytime you are using another person’s content.

Understanding the way search engines work is a great way to increase the size of your blog’s following. An aspect that Google looks at when coming up with search results is “bounce rate”. Your bounce rate is the average amount of time a visitor spends on your blog page. The longer a reader spends the better. Because videos are such an effective attention-grabber, blog posts paired with video usually have a much better bounce rate than those that don’t.

5. Have Fun with it!- I know, I know. Telling someone to “have fun” is the corniest, most cliché thing of all time. If I didn’t mean it, I wouldn’t write it. A blog is intended to be a space for you to express your opinions or feelings regarding whatever topic you’d like. In order to produce a great blog post and good results, your head needs to be in the right place. I doesn’t make any sense to dread writing something no one is forcing you to write. If you find yourself dreading your next blog post, it’s time to reassess your blogging goals.

Still Wondering How to Write a Good Blog?: I’m Here to Help

If you’re struggling with creating blog content and still wondering how to write a good blog, I’d love to continue to help you out. Blogging is an extremely unique writing technique. If you put in a little effort you’ll be amazed by the finished product. Feel free to contact me with blogging related questions you may have. In fact, I am still writing content. Feel free to check my website for pricing. I am usually running some kind of sale. Check my front page at www.thepriceiswrite.com. My internet is always open.

Learning how to write a good blog is achievable.

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